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Table 2 Properties of water and ice above and below the freezing point

From: The interplay of Malm carbonate permeability, gravity-driven groundwater flow, and paleoclimate – implications for the geothermal field and potential in the Molasse Basin (southern Germany), a foreland-basin play

Material property Ice (< 0 °C) Water (> 0 °C)
Density 918 kg m–3 999.8443 kg m–3
Heat capacity at constant pressure 2052 J kg–1 K–1 4219.4 J kg–1 K–1
Thermal conductivity 2.31 W m–1 K–1 0.562 W m–1 K–1