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Table 8 CO2 emission factors for district heating and electricity

From: Techno-economic and environmental analysis of an Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) in Germany

CO2 emission factor Minimum Mode Maximum
Electricity (t/MWh)a, b 0.357 0.417 0.476
District heating (t/MWh)b, c 0.068 0.10 0.24
  1. aEnbW (2017), bStadtwerke Karlsruhe (2017), cFair Energy (2018)