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Table 3 Design parameters of the considered ATES system

From: Techno-economic and environmental analysis of an Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) in Germany

Parameter Number Unit Lifetime (years)
Cold well 3
Warm well 3
Well depth H 35 m
Well diameter 0.8 m
Screen length L 30 m  
Heat Exchanger 1 20–30a
Submersible pump 6 5–7b
Well distance 106–318 m
T 4 K
Heat pump 2 20–30a, c
ATES > 30
  1. aVDI 2067 (2012), bGHJ (2017), cBloomquist (2000)