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Table 1 Overview of studies discussing the potential economic benefits of ATES

From: Techno-economic and environmental analysis of an Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) in Germany

Author Country Capital costs (€/kW) Purpose Wells Capacity (MW) Energy supply (MWh) Payback time Reference system
Reilly et al. (1981) USA 861a Heating 14 3–50    Electric boiler and oil fired furnace
Zimmerman and Drost (1989) USA 89–890a Cooling 2–16 2–20    
Andersson and Sellberg (1992) Sweden   Heating and cooling    1800–10,000 2–10  
Chant and Morofsky (1992) Canada 133–266b Cooling   0.1–10 20–20,000   
van Hove (1993) Netherlands 1000c Cooling   1.5   6 Mechanical cooling
Paksoy et al. (2009) USA 750 Cooling 6 2 2025   Standard chillers
Vanhoudt et al. (2011) Belgium 580 Heating and cooling 2 1.2 2207 8.4 Gas boiler and cooling machines
Ghaebi et al. (2017) Iran   Cooling 2   2417   Gas boiler, compression chiller, ATES
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