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Table 2 Overview of the sampled rocks with the lithology, geological formation, measured porosity (ϕ, %), density (ρ, 103 kg m−3), permeability (k, D), the thermal conductivity measured on dry (λmeandry) and water-saturated (λmeansat, W m−1 K−1) samples

From: Geothermal exploration in a sedimentary basin: new continuous temperature data and physical rock properties from northern Oman

Sample ID Sample point Lithology Geological formation ϕ (%) ρ (g cm−3) k [D] λmeandry (W m−1 K−1) λmeansat (W m−1 K−1)
B1 x Conglomerate, diagenetic alteration Barzaman 17.0 2.2   1.79 1.90
B2 x Conglomerate, diagenetic alteration Barzaman 15.0 2.1   2.13 2.38
B3 3 Brownish pebbly sandstone Barzaman 21.3 2.1 2.00E−04 1.56 2.28
B4 3 Sandy pebbly conglomerate Barzaman 12.4 2.3 1.00E−05 2.24 2.50
B5 3 Coarse sized sandstone Barzaman    3.50E−03 1.11  
B6 3 V.C sandstone Barzaman 36.3 1.7 7.50E−03 0.74 1.93
B7 3 Limestone with pebble size clasts Barzaman 21.2 2.1 1.00E−04 1.65 2.14
B8 3 Limestone (reef limestone) Barzaman 14.6 2.3 6.00E−04 2.42 2.89
B9 3 Limestone breccia Barzaman 12.8 2.3 8.00E−06 2.04 2.26
B10 3 Siltstone, partially cong Barzaman 18.6 2.1   1.65 1.97
B11 3 Mudstone, beige Barzaman     0.93  
B12 3 Polymictic conglomerate Barzaman 18.6 2.1 6.00E−04 1.36 1.73
B13 3 Fossiliferous limestone Barzaman 8.9 2.5 2.36 2.49
B14 3 Grainstone Barzaman 10.0 2.4   2.27 2.49
B15 2 Conglomerate, diagenetic alteration Barzaman 15.0 2.2 2.00E−04 2.27 2.72
MAM1 4 Limestone MAM reef 2.5 2.6   2.71 2.80
MAM2 4 Fossiliferous-rich grainstone MAM reef 1.1 2.7   2.64 2.71
MAM3 4 Fossiliferous-rich grainstone MAM reef 4.0 2.6 2.63 2.76
S1 5 Foraminiferal packstone–wackstone Seeb 32.3 1.8 2.00E−04 1.09 1.83
S2 5 Foraminiferal grainstone Seeb 8.8 2.5   2.15 2.42
S3 4 Foraminiferal packstone–wackstone Seeb 33.8 1.8 3.80E−03 0.94 1.87
S4 1 Sandstone (sandy limestone) Seeb 2.2 2.6   2.59 2.65
S5 4 Foraminiferal limestone Seeb 7.2 2.5   2.35 2.73
  1. Sampling points can be found in Fig. 2, B1 and B2 are not on the map