Skip to main content

Science – Society – Technology

Geothermal Energy Cover Image

Table 2 Ongoing EGS projects (R&D and commercial) generating electricity

From: A systematic review of enhanced (or engineered) geothermal systems: past, present and future

Project Start date Location Well depth (m) Stimulation methods Description Operator Rock type Reservoir temperature (°C) Seismic event
A.          
Bruchsal 1,983 (BMU2011) Germany (BMU2011) 1,874 to 2,542 (BMU2011) Unknown Commercial (Enbw 2013) EnBW, EWB (KIT 2013) Bunter Sandstone (KIT 2013) 123 (Rettenmaier 2012)a; Microseismic (KIT 2013)
Landau 2003 (BINE 2012d) Germany (Baumgärtner 2012) 3,170 to 3,300 (Baumgärtner 2012) No stimulation for producer; hydraulic for injector (Baumgärtner 2012) First implementation of EGS technology in Germany (BINE 2012d); first and only EGS in town in (D) (Baumgärtner 2012) BESTEC, Geox (Baumgärtner 2012) Granite (Lacirignola and Blanc 2012) 159 (Baumgärtner 2012)a Microseismic (≤2.7 M) (Baumgärtner 2012), felt by residents
Insheim 2007 (Insheim 2012) Germany (Insheim 2012) 3,600 to 3,800 (LGB-rlp 2012) Yes (Baumgärtner 2012) New concept, side-leg injection well (BINE 2012b) Pfalzwerke geofuture GmbH (Pfalzwerke-geofuture 2012; BINE 2012b) Keuper, perm, bunter sandstone, granite (Baumgärtner 2012) 165 (LGB-rlp 2012) M: 2.0 to 2.4 and microseismic (Groos et al. 2012)
Neustadt-Glewe 1984 (BMU 2011) Germany (Bracke 2012) 2,320 (Bracke 2012) Unknown Commercial, pilot plant for low enthalpy (BMU2011) WEMAG AG, Stadt Neustadt-Glewe, Geothermie Neubrandenburg GmbH (BMU2011) Sandstone (BMU 2011) 99 (GtV 2013)a Unknown
Unterhaching 2004 (BMU2011) Germany (Bracke 2012) 3,350 to 3,580 (Bracke 2012) Acidizing (BMU2011) First Kalina power plant in Germany (BINE 2012c) Geothermie Unterhaching GmbH & Co. KG, Rödl & Partner GbR (BINE 2012c) Limestone (Dumas 2010) 123 (Bracke 2012)a Unknown
Soultz 1987 (MIT et al. 2006b) France (Genter 2012) 5,093 (MIT et al. 2006d) Hydraulic fracturing and acidizing (MIT et al. 2006d) Research and demonstration (Genter 2012) European cooperation project (MIT et al. 2006d) Granite (MIT et al. 2006d) 165 (BMU 2011) Microseismic (M = −2 to 2.9) (Genter 2012)
Bouillante 1963/1996 (Bertini et al. 2006) France (Guadeloupe) (Bertini et al. 2006) 1,000 to 2,500 (Bertini et al. 2006) Thermal cracking (Bertini et al. 2006) Commercial (Bertini et al. 2006) Geothermie Bouillante, CFG-Services, BRGM, ORKUSTOFNUN, COFOR (Bertini et al. 2006) Volcanic lavas and tuffs (Bertini et al. 2006) 250 to 260 (Bertini et al. 2006) Microseismic (Sanjuan et al. 2010)
Altheim 1989 (Pernecker 1999) Austria (Bloomquist 2012) 2,165 to 2,306 (Bayerisches Landesamt für Wasserwirtschaft 2011) Acidizing (Pernecker 1999), hydraulic stimulation (ENGINE 2008b) Commercial (Pernecker 1999) Municipality of Altheim, Terrawat (Pernecker 1999) Limestone (Bayerisches Landesamt für Wasserwirtschaft 2011) 106 (Bloomquist 2012) Unknown
Lardarello 1970 (Cappetti 2006) (1904) Italy (ENGINE 2008b) 2,500 to 4,000 (Bertini et al. 2006) Hydraulic and thermal stimulation (ENGINE 2008b) Research and demonstration (Cappetti 2006) and commercial ENEL Green Power (Lazzarotto and Sabatelli 2005) Metamorphic rocks (ENGINE 2008b) 300 to 350 (ENGINE 2008a)a ≤3.0 M (Bromley 2012)
Coso 2002 (Häring 2007) USA (Häring 2007) 2,430 to 2,956 (Julian et al. 2009) Hydraulic, thermal and chemical (Rose et al. 2004) Research and development (Häring 2007) Coso Operating Company (EGS Coso 2013) Diorite, granodiorite, granite (Rose et al. 2004) ≥300 (EGS Coso 2013) ≤2.8 M (Julian et al. 2009)
Desert Peak 2002 (MIT 2006c) USA (MIT et al. 2006c) About 1,067 (Chabora et al. 2012) Shear, chemical, hydraulic (Davatzes et al. 2012) Research and development (Davatzes et al. 2012) Ormat, GeothermEx (Val Pierce 2011) Volcanic and metamorphic rocks (Chabora et al. 2012) 179 to 196 (Chabora et al. 2012) Microseismic: −0.03 to 1.7 (Chabora and Zemach 2013)
Berlín 2001 (Bommer et al. 2006) El Salvador (Rodríguez 2003) 2,000 to 2,380 (Rodríguez 2008) Hydraulic fracturing and chemical (Rodríguez 2003) Developing EGS project in a geothermal field (Rodríguez 2003) Shell International (Rodríguez 2003), LaGeo (Bommer et al. 2006) Volcanic rocks (Häring 2007) 183 (Bommer et al. 2006) ≤4.4 M (Bommer et al. 2006)
Cooper Basin 2003 (Majer et al. 2007) Australia (Majer et al. 2007) 4,421 (Majer et al. 2007) Hydraulic (Majer et al. 2007; Holl 2012) Largest demonstration project in the world (Stephens and Jiusto 2010) Geodynamics Ltd. (Majer et al. 2007; Geodynamics 2013) Granite (Majer et al. 2007) 242 to 278 (Geodynamics 2013) ≤3.7M (Majer et al. 2007)
Hijiori 1985 (Sasaki 1998) Japan (Sasaki 1998) 1,805 to 1,910 (Sasaki 1998) Hydraulic fracturing (Sasaki 1998) Developing EGS technologies (Sasaki 1998) Japan's new energy (DiPippo 2012a), NEDO (Sasaki 1998) Granodiorite (Sasaki 1998) 190 (DiPippo 2012a) Microseismic (Sasaki 1998)
  1. aReservoir temperature not available, BHT is used instead.